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What Is A Monopole Tower and Tower Load

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What Is A Monopole Tower and Tower Load

What Is A Monopole Tower and Tower Load
Jan 17, 2024

A monopole tower is a type of telecommunication tower that consists of a single, self-supporting pole or shaft. Some key features of monopole towers are as : 

mono pole tower  telecom antenna tower

Structure: They have a tubular steel tower construction, with the tower acting as its own support without the need for guy wires or additional structure. This makes them more visually discreet than lattice towers.

Height: Monopole towers can vary in height but are commonly between 100-200 feet tall to support antennas and equipment for cell networks and other wireless services. Taller towers are also used.

Foundation: The base of the monopole requires a sturdy foundation, such as a concrete filled foundation, to securely anchor it into the ground and withstand weather elements.

Equipment Mounts: Antennas and other wireless equipment are mounted at different heights on the pole using platforms, brackets or mounts. Cables are run internally down the pole.

Usage: As their name implies, monopoles support a single user like a cellular company. They are commonly used in residential and commercial areas where space is limited or less visual impact is desired.

Advantages: Ease of installation, less obtrusive visually, lower wind loading than lattice towers. Can accommodate multiple antenna arrays and future network upgrades.


So in summary, a monopole tower is a single vertical shaft structure used to hold antennas and equipment for various wireless services like cell networks. Their discrete design makes them suitable for areas requiring minimal visual or environmental impact.

telecom antenna cell tower



The loading capacity of a monopole tower depends on several factors,


Smaller monopoles (under 100 feet) can typically carry 500-1000 pounds of additional equipment loads.

Medium monopoles (100-150 feet) have a weight capacity of 1,000-2,000 pounds on average.

Taller monopoles over 150 feet tall can carry 2,000-5,000 pounds or more. Some extra heavy-duty towers are rated for over 10,000 pounds of equipment load.

antenna cell tower

The key factors that determine a monopole's exact weight capacity include:

Tower height - Taller towers need thicker steel walls to support additional weight and winds loads, allowing for more carried weight.

Foundation and soil type - A deeper foundation embedded in stable soil/bedrock increases a tower's bearing capacity.

Structural design - Factors like wall thickness, cross-bracing, section types, etc. maximize structural strength.

Platform/mount design - Welded steel platforms add minimal weight but increase usable space over the pole.

Antenna/equipment setup - How the gear is distributed and counterbalanced on the pole affects total load.

antenna and microwave  telecom cell tower

So in summary, weight capacities of monopole towers can range from 500 lbs for short ones up to over 10,000 lbs for the largest specially engineered towers, depending on their height, foundation, structural design and how equipment is configured. Proper engineering ensures a tower can safely support all anticipated service loads.


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